Early Modern Resources is a research portal for the early modern period (c.1500-1800 CE). It only lists websites that are free to access and focuses on high-quality resources that are suitable for advanced research, study and teaching.

Primary sources

  • Substantial digital editions of full text transcriptions, usually searchable and/or downloadable; many have accompanying page images
  • High-quality image libraries of texts and documents, usually with searchable metadata but not full text
  • Collections of images of artworks, artefacts and maps (again, usually with searchable metadata)
  • Databases or calendars, mainly containing abstracts or summary information about sources rather than full transcriptions/images
  • Anthologies: transcriptions of personally selected collections of texts or single texts; may be full text or extracts; probably more suited to teaching than in-depth research


  • Bibliographies
  • Open access e-journals
  • Palaeography and transcription resources
  • Dictionaries and language resources
  • Useful tools
  • Portals


  • Exhibits: multimedia presentations in which objects and images are the primary focus, with varying degrees of textual analysis or narrative
  • Text essays: text-based (or primarily so) articles, analyses and commentaries; relatively conventional and ‘print-like’ in form
  • Hypertext essays: more heavily textual than exhibits, but created for the Web to exploit its hyperlinking and multimedia capabilities


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